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三种方法增强复试语言逻辑,最后24小时学渣逆袭

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  近几年的四级作文题基本上都是要求考生就某种现实现象或观点发表自己的看法,内容多是考生所熟悉的社会热点话题或大学生生活题材。写好四级作文有两个关键点:第一,根据英文的表达习惯来安排写作结构;第二,用自己熟悉的英文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出自己的观点和看法。因此,老师将按照起承转合的结构安排,为大家详细介绍一下写作中常用的重点关联词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为大家四级写作提供有用的素材。

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  (一)起

一、开头句型

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大高校陆续开始,很多过初试的考生已经开始了紧张的复试准备,让大家最为担心的是英语复试的备考。能不能取得最后的成功,英语复试是一个关键。

  观点(现象性):

1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言

  自我介绍还可以提前背一背,可如果抽到一个随机的话题让我们展开叙说的话,就会有一定的难度。这里老师就给大家介绍几种展开话题的方法,希望大家能够运用上,使自己的言语表达更加的清晰流畅有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some argue that…, while others believe that…

2.It goes without saying that… 不言而喻,…

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

3.It can be said with certainty that… 可以肯定地说……

  因果法是用来解释“为什么”的问题。我们可以根据一个结果去推导其原因,要以事实和证据为根据,前后过程要合乎逻辑和常理。例如:“你为什么考研”?Why do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

4.As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的,

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from, lead to, so... as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in this way, thanks to等。

  4. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

5.It has to be noticed that… 它必须注意到,…

  二、定义法

  描述性:

6.It‘s generally recognized that… 它普遍认为…

  定义法可以用来阐述“是什么”的问题,即用一段话来解释说明某个抽象的概念或具体事物的性质、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What is honesty? 我们可以用如下形式来展开论述:Honesty means telling the truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with nowadays is …

7.It‘s likely that … 这可能是因为…

  常用关联词汇: what is..., to be defined as, the definition of ... is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

8.It‘s hardly that… 这是很难的……

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

9.It‘s hardly too much to say that… 它几乎没有太多的说…

  例证是为了证明主题而存在的。当主题为理论性或概述的论点时,就需要通过举例或例证来加以支持,以说服听者,同时要注意逻辑严密。例如:In many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on TV or radio.

  (二)承

10.What calls for special attention is that…需要特别注意的是

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore, besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  1. 关联词语或重点词汇:

11.There‘s no denying the fact that…毫无疑问,无可否认

  总之,考研复试时,拿到题目后应立刻审题,积极思考,找好切人点,把讲话的框架打好腹稿,这样会使你的阐述更具逻辑性。展开的方法就是运用因果法、定义法、例证法等。另外注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神交流,紧紧地抓住对方的注意力。在复试前的关键时期,大家一定要多锻炼与人交流的能力。祝大家考研复试顺利,超常发挥,顺利进入自己心仪的学校!

  递进:

12.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 没有什么比这更重要的是…

  来源:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover, furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not least

13.what‘s far more important is that… 更重要的是…

  举例:

二、衔接句型

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate, for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good case in point

1.A case in point is … 一个典型的例子是…

  因果:

2.As is often the case…由于通常情况下…

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to, based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a consequence

3.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

  分类:

4.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore 然而问题并非如此简单,所以……

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups, consist of

5.But it‘s a pity that… 但遗憾的是…

  2. 句型及常用表达结构:

6.For all that…对于这一切…… In spite of the fact that…尽管事实……

  举例:

7.Further, we hold opinion that… 此外,我们坚持认为,…

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

8.However , the difficulty lies in…然而,困难在于…

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

9.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 同样,我们要注意…

  Just take …as an example。

10.not(that)…but(that)…不是,而是

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

11.In view of the present station。鉴于目前形势

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be sufficient。

12.As has been mentioned above…正如上面所提到的…

  因果:

13.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从这个角度上我们可以说

  There are several reasons for…

14.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is… 然而我们还得看到事物的另一方面,即 …

  The reason why …can be traced to…

三、结尾句型

  The causes for …are as follows…

1.I will conclude by saying… 最后我要说…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following conclusion…

2.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…因此,我们有理由相信…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …, thirdly,…

3.All things considered,总而言之 It may be safely said that…它可以有把握地说……

  …also contribute to the reason why…

4.Therefore, in my opinion, it‘s more advisable…因此,在我看来,更可取的是…

  分类:

5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论…

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

6.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that…通过数据我们得到的结论是,…

  …may be divided into…

7.It can be concluded from the discussion that…从中我们可以得出这样的结论

  (三)转

8.From my point of view, it would be better if…在我看来……也许更好

  转折:

四、举例句型

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless, unfortunately

1.Let‘s take…to illustrate this。

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

2.let‘s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this。

  对比:

3.Here is one more example。

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly, similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

4.Take … for example。

  There are some similarities/differences between…

5.The same is true of…

  We can compare …with …

6.This offers a typical instance of…

  …has something in common with…

7.We may quote a common example of…8.Just think of…

  By contrasting …and…

五、常用于引言段的句型

  …has little common with…

1.Some people think that … 有些人认为…To be frank, I can not agree with their opinion for the reasons below。坦率地说,我不能同意他们的意见,理由如下。

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true that…

2.For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different now。多年来,……一直被视为……,但今天的情况有很大的不同。

  (四)合

3.I believe the title statement is valid because… 我认为这个论点是正确的,因为…

  1. 关联词汇或重点词汇:

4.I cannot entirely agree with the idea that …我无法完全同意这一观点的… I believe…

  thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently; as a result/consequence, in conclusion, in general, generally speaking, by and large, on the whole, in a word, to sum up, in short/brief, briefly speaking

5.My argument for this view goes as follows。我对这个问题的看法如下。

  2. 句型及常用表达结构:

6.Along with the development of…, more and more…随着……的发展,越来越多…

  From discussions above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…

7.There is a long-running debate as to whether…有一个长期运行的辩论,是否…

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem。

8.It is commonly/generally/widely/ believed /held/accepted/recognized that…它通常是认为…

  Hence, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to stop/prevent…

9.As far as I am concerned, I completely agree with the former/ the latter。就我而言,我完全同意前者/后者。

  I believe we can overcome the difficult through great efforts and we will have a brighter future of…

10.Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the argument of both sides。在给出我的观点之前,我想有必要看看双方的论据。

  以上这些词汇、短语和句型对于考生来说都是相当有用的写作素材,希望考生在考前好好复习一下,以便在考试中能够运用自如。

六、表示比较和对比的常用句型和表达法

1.A is completely / totally / entirely different from B。

2.A and B are different in some/every way / respect / aspect。

3.A and B differ in…

4.A differs from B in…

5.The difference between A and B is/lies in/exists in…

6.Compared with/In contrast to/Unlike A, B…

7.A…, on the other hand,/in contrast,/while/whereas B…

8.While it is generally believed that A …, I believe B…

9.Despite their similarities, A and B are also different。

10.Both A and B … However, A…; on the other hand, B…

11.The most striking difference is that A…, while B…

七、演绎法常用的句型

1.There are several reasons for…, but in general, they come down to three major ones。有几个原因……,但一般,他们可以归结为三个主要的。

2.There are many factors that may account for…, but the following are the most typical ones。有许多因素可能占…,但以下是最典型的。

3.Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following ones may be most effective。有很多方法可以解决这个问题,但下面的可能是最有效的。

4.Generally, the advantages can be listed as follows。一般来说,这些优势可以列举如下。

5.The reasons are as follows。

八、因果推理法常用句型

1.Because/Since we read the book, we have learned a lot。

2.If we read the book, we would learn a lot。

3.We read the book; as a result / therefore / thus / hence / consequently / for this reason / because of this, we‘ve learned a lot。

4.As a result of /Because of/Due to/Owing to reading the book, we‘ve learned a lot。由于阅读这本书,我们已经学到了很多。

5.The cause of/reason for/overweight is eating too much。

6.Overweight is caused by/due to/because of eating too much。

7.The effect/consequence/result of eating too much is overweight。

8.Eating too much causes/results in/leads to overweight。 吃太多导致超重。

九、段首万能句子

1。关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ 。Some people suggest that ____。

2。俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用。

There is an old saying______。It“s the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today。

3。现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……;其次,……更为糟糕的是……

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life.First, ____ Second,____。What makes things worse is that______。

4。现在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另外(而且)……

Nowadays,it is common to ______。Many people like ______ because ______。Besides,______。

5。任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。(www.lz13.cn)它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。

Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has both advantages and disadvantages。

6。关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,在他们看来,……

People‘s opinions about ______ vary from person to person.Some people say that ______。To them,_____。

7。人类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变得越来越严重。

Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious。

8。……已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。

______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way。

9。……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well。

10。根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出……很显然……,但是为什么呢?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______ while.Obviously,______,but why?

十、中间段落万能句子

1。相反,有一些人赞成……,他们相信……,而且,他们认为……

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___。At the same time,they say____。

2。但是,我认为这不是解决……的好方法,比如……最糟糕的是……

But I don”t think it is a very good way to solve ____。For example,____。Worst of all,___。

3。……对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)非常重要的。首先,……而且……,最重要的是……

______is necessary and important to our country“s development and construction.First,______。What”s more, _____。Most important of all,______。

4。有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以……

There are several measures for us to adopt.First, we can______

5。面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……一方面……,另一方面,

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective measures to______。For one thing,______For another,______

6。早就应该拿出行动了。比如说……,另外……所有这些方法肯定会……

It is high time that something was done about it.For example。_____。In addition。_____。All these measures will certainly______。

7。为什么……?第一个原因是……;第二个原因是……;第三个原因是……总的来说,……的主要原因是由于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______。The second reason is ______。The third is ______。For all this, the main cause of ______due to ______。

8。然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,……也有它的不利的一面,象……

However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______。

9。尽管如此,我相信……更有利。

Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous。

10。完全同意……这种观点(陈述),主要理由如下:

I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______。

十一、结尾万能句子

1。至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为……

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent.I think that ____。

2。总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注……这个问题。只有这样,我们才能在将来……

In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ______。Only in this way can ______in the future。

3。但是,……和……都有它们各自的优势(好处)。例如,……,而……然而,把这两者相比较,我更倾向于(喜欢)……

But ______and ______have their own advantages.For example, _____, while_____。Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to______。

4。就我个人而言,我相信……,因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因为……

Personally, I believe that_____。Consequently, I‘m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because______。

5。随着社会的发展,……因此,迫切需要……如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自已的一份力量,这个社会将要变得越来越好。

With the development of society, ______。So it“s urgent and necessary to ____。If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be better and better。

6。至于我(对我来说,就我而言),我认为……更合理。只有这样,我们才能……

For my part, I think it reasonable to_____。Only in this way can you _____。

7。对我来说,我认为有必要……原因如下:第一,……; 第二,……;最后……但同样重要的是……

In my opinion, I think it necessary to____。The reasons are as follows.First _____。Second ______。Last but not least,______。

8。在总体上很难说……是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度上取决于……的形势。然而,就我个人而言,我发现……

It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of______。However, from a personal point of view find______。

9。综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论……

From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that____。

10。如果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋势,就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是……

If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is_____。

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